What Is a Literature Review?

 

literature reviews

Jun 17,  · Literature reviews should comprise the following elements: An overview of the subject, issue or theory under consideration, along with the objectives of the literature review Division of works under review into categories (e.g. those in support of a particular position, those against, and those offering alternative theses entirely)Author: Ken Lyons. A literature review can be a precursor to the introduction of a research paper, or it can be an entire paper in itself, acting as the first stage of large research projects and allowing the supervisor to ascertain that the student is on the correct path. Literature reviews are a form of academic writing commonly used in the sciences, social sciences, and humanities. However, unlike research papers, which establish new arguments and make original contributions, literature reviews organize and present existing research.


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As part of their literature reviews program, many students are instructed to perform a literature review, without always understanding what a literature review is. Most are aware that it is a process of gathering information from other sources and documenting it, but few have any idea of how to evaluate the information, or how to present it.

A literature review can be a precursor to the introduction of a research paperor it can be an entire paper in itself, literature reviews, acting as the first stage of large research projects and allowing the supervisor to ascertain that the student is on the correct path. A literature review is a critical and in depth evaluation of previous research.

It is a literature reviews and synopsis of a particular area of research, allowing anybody reading the paper to establish why you are pursuing this particular research. A good literature review expands on the reasons behind selecting a particular research question. A literature review is not literature reviews a chronological catalog of all your sources, but an evaluation. It pulls the previous research together, and explains how it connects to the research proposed by the current paper.

All sides of an argument must be clearly explained, to avoid bias, and areas of agreement and disagreement should be highlighted. A literature review is likewise not a literature reviews of quotes and paraphrasing from other sources. A good literature review should critically evaluate the quality and findings of the research, literature reviews.

A good literature review should avoid the temptation of stressing the importance of a particular research program.

The fact that a researcher is undertaking the research program speaks for its importance, and an educated reader may well be insulted literature reviews they are not allowed to judge the importance for themselves.

They want to be re-assured that it is a serious paper, not a pseudo-scientific sales advertisement. Whilst literature reviews literature reviews can be presented in a chronological order, this is best avoided. For example, literature reviews, a review of Victorian Age Physics may certainly present J. Otherwise, this is usually perceived as being a little lazy, and it is better to organize the review around ideas and individual points.

As a general rule, especially for a longer review, literature reviews, each paragraph should address one point, and present and evaluate all of the available evidence, from all possible differing points of view. Evaluating the credibility of sources is one of the most difficult aspects of a literature review, especially with the ease of finding information on the internet.

The only real way to evaluate is through experience, but there are luckily a few tricks for evaluating information quickly and accurately. There is such a thing as too much information.

Google does not distinguish or judge the quality of results, only how search engine friendly a paper is. This is why it is still good practice to begin research in an academic library, literature reviews. Any journals found literature reviews can be regarded as safe and credible. The next stage is to use the internet, and this is where the difficulties begin. It can be helpful to structure your internet research as if it were conducted on paper.

The easiest way is to scan the work, using the abstract and introduction as guides. This helps to eliminate the non-relevant work and also some of the lower quality research. If it sets off alarm bells, there may be something wrong, and the paper is probably of a low quality, literature reviews.

But literature reviews very careful not to fall into the trap of rejecting research just because it conflicts with your hypothesis. Failure to do this will completely invalidate the literature review and potentially undermine the research project.

Any literature reviews that may be relevant should be moved to the shortlist folder. The next stage literature reviews to critically evaluate the paper and decide if the research is sufficient quality. A smaller number of quality sources is far preferable than a long but irrelevant list. Check into the credentials of any source which you rely on heavily for the literature review, literature reviews. The reputation of the University or organization is a factor, as is the experience of the researcher.

If their name keeps cropping up, and they have written many papers, the source is probably OK. Look for agreements.

Good research should have been replicated by other independent researchers, literature reviews, with similar results, showing that the information is fairly safe to use. If the process is proving to be difficult and in some fields like medicine and environmental research, there literature reviews a lot of poor science do not be afraid to ask a supervisor for advice. They should know some trustworthy sources to look at.

It may be a little extra work for them, but there will be even more work if they have to tear apart a review because it is built on shaky evidence.

Conducting a good literature review takes patience and is a matter of practice. Take solace that even the best scientists can fall into the trap of using poor evidence. If your research program is well constructed, a less-than-perfect literature review will not affect the results.

Check out our quiz-page with tests about:. Martyn Shuttleworth Sep 16, literature reviews What is a Literature Review?. Retrieved Sep 08, from Explorable, literature reviews. The text in this article is licensed under the Creative Commons-License Attribution 4. That is it. You can use it freely with some kind of linkliterature reviews, and we're also okay with people reprinting in publications like books, blogs, newsletters, course-material, papers, wikipedia and presentations with clear attribution.

Systematic Reviews. Meta Analysis, literature reviews. Research Literature reviews Question. How to Write an Introduction.

Want the full version to study at home, take to school or just scribble on? Whether you are an academic novice, or you simply want to brush up your skills, this book will take your academic writing skills to the next level, literature reviews.

Get PDF. Download electronic versions: - Epub for mobiles and tablets - PDF version here, literature reviews. Don't have time for it all now? No problem, save it as a course and come back to it later. Login Sign Up. What is a Literature Review? Literature Review, literature reviews. Martyn Shuttleworth Don't miss these related articles:.

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Literature review - Wikipedia

 

literature reviews

 

Literature reviews are a form of academic writing commonly used in the sciences, social sciences, and humanities. However, unlike research papers, which establish new arguments and make original contributions, literature reviews organize and present existing research. Mar 19,  · Have you written a stellar literature review you care to share for teaching purposes? Are you an instructor who has received an exemplary literature review and have permission from the student to post? Please contact Britt McGowan at [email protected] for inclusion in this guide. All disciplines welcome and encouraged. Author: Britt McGowan. Jun 17,  · Literature reviews should comprise the following elements: An overview of the subject, issue or theory under consideration, along with the objectives of the literature review Division of works under review into categories (e.g. those in support of a particular position, those against, and those offering alternative theses entirely)Author: Ken Lyons.