Long Essay on Jawaharlal Nehru in English for Students and Professionals


jawaharlal nehru essay

Jun 20,  · Jawaharlal Nehru – Essay 2. Jawaharlal Nehru is famous since he was the first prime minister of independent ipvcitysa.cf was a very influential leader and participated in the country’s struggle for independence from Britain. Jawaharlal Nehru Essay 1 ( words) Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was the first prime minister of the India. He was born on 14 th of November in the year in the Allahabad. The name of his father was Moti Lai Nehru who was a prominent lawyer. So, read out this meaningful long essay on Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru to know about him in detail. Long Essay on Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru ( Words) Introduction. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14 th November , at Allahabad in the state of United Province. (Now known as Uttar Pradesh).

Essay on Jawaharlal Nehru for Children and Students

He emerged as an eminent leader of the Indian independence movement under the tutelage of Mahatma Gandhi and served India as Prime Minister from its establishment as an independent nation in until his death in He has been jawaharlal nehru essay by the Amar Chitra Katha as the architect of India. The son of Motilal Nehrua prominent lawyer and nationalist statesman and Swaroop Rani, Nehru was a graduate of Trinity College, Cambridge and the Inner Templewhere he trained to be a barrister.

Upon his return to India, he enrolled at the Allahabad High Court and took an interest in national politics, which eventually replaced his legal practice, jawaharlal nehru essay.

A committed nationalist since his teenage years, jawaharlal nehru essay, he became a rising figure in Indian politics during the upheavals of the jawaharlal nehru essay. He became the prominent leader of the left-wing factions of the Indian National Congress during the s, and eventually of the entire Congress, with the tacit approval of his mentor, Gandhi. As Congress President inNehru called for complete independence from the British Raj and instigated the Congress's decisive shift towards the left.

Nehru and the Congress dominated Indian politics during the s as the country moved towards independence, jawaharlal nehru essay. His idea of a secular nation-state was seemingly validated when the Congress swept the provincial elections and formed the government in jawaharlal nehru essay provinces; on the other hand, the separatist Muslim League fared much poorer, jawaharlal nehru essay.

But these achievements were severely compromised in the aftermath of the Quit India Movement inwhich saw the British effectively crush the Congress as a political organisation. Nehru, who had reluctantly heeded Gandhi's call for immediate independence, for he had desired to support the Allied war effort during World War IIcame out of a lengthy prison term to a much altered jawaharlal nehru essay landscape. Negotiations between Congress and Muslim League for power sharing failed and gave way to the independence and bloody partition of India in Nehru was elected by the Congress to assume office as independent India's first Prime Minister, although the question of leadership had been settled as far back aswhen Gandhi acknowledged Nehru as his political heir and successor.

As Prime Minister, jawaharlal nehru essay, he set out to realise his vision of India. The Constitution of India was enacted inafter which he embarked on an ambitious program of economic, jawaharlal nehru essay, social and political reforms. Chiefly, he oversaw India's transition from a colony to a republic, while nurturing a plural, multi-party system. In foreign policy, he took a leading role in the Non-Aligned Movement while projecting India as a regional hegemon in South Asia.

Under Nehru's leadership, jawaharlal nehru essay, the Congress emerged as a catch-all partyjawaharlal nehru essay, dominating national and state-level politics and winning consecutive elections in, and He remained popular with the people of India in spite of political troubles in his final years and failure of leadership during the Sino-Indian War, jawaharlal nehru essay.

His father, Motilal Nehru —a self-made wealthy barrister who belonged to the Kashmiri Pandit community, [5] served twice as President of the Indian National Congressin and His mother, Swaruprani Thussu —who came from a well-known Kashmiri Brahmin family settled in Lahorejawaharlal nehru essay, [6] was Motilal's second wife, the first having died in child birth.

Jawaharlal was the eldest of three children, two of whom were girls. Nehru described his childhood as a "sheltered and uneventful one". He grew up in an atmosphere of privilege at wealthy homes including a palatial jawaharlal nehru essay called the Anand Bhavan. His father had him educated at home by private governesses and tutors.

Brooks, he became interested in science and theosophy. Jawaharlal nehru essay, his interest in theosophy did not prove to be enduring and he left the society shortly after Brooks departed as his tutor. Nehru's theosophical interests had induced him to the study of the Buddhist and Hindu scriptures. Nehru became an ardent nationalist during his youth, jawaharlal nehru essay. About the latter he wrote, "[The] Japanese victories [had] stirred jawaharlal nehru essay my enthusiasm Nationalistic ideas filled my mind I mused of Indian freedom and Asiatic freedom from jawaharlal nehru essay thraldom of Europe.

Trevelyan 's Garibaldi books, which he had received as prizes for academic merit, jawaharlal nehru essay. He wrote: "Visions of similar deeds in India came before, of [my] gallant fight for [Indian] freedom and in my mind India and Italy got strangely mixed together. Nehru went to Trinity College, jawaharlal nehru essay, Cambridge in October and graduated with an honours degree in natural science in Writings of Jawaharlal nehru essay ShawH.

Wellsjawaharlal nehru essay, J. KeynesBertrand RussellLowes Dickinson and Meredith Townsend moulded much of his political and economic thinking. After jawaharlal nehru essay his degree injawaharlal nehru essay, Nehru moved to London and studied law at Inner temple Inn [16] During this time, he continued to study the scholars of the Fabian Society including Beatrice Webb.

After returning to India in AugustNehru enrolled himself as an advocate of the Allahabad High Court and tried to settle down as a barrister. But, unlike his father, he had only a desultory interest in his profession and did not relish either the practice of law or the company of lawyers. He wrote: "Decidedly the atmosphere was not intellectually stimulating and a sense jawaharlal nehru essay the utter insipidity of life grew upon me.

Nehru in khaki uniform as a member of Seva Dal. Nehru had developed an interest in Indian politics during his time in Britain as a student and a barrister. Within months of his return to India inNehru attended an annual session of the Indian National Congress in Patna. When World War I broke out, sympathy in India was divided.

Although educated Indians "by and large took a vicarious pleasure" in seeing the British rulers humbled, the ruling upper classes sided with the Allies. Nehru confessed that he viewed the war with mixed feelings. Frank Moraes wrote: "If [Nehru's] sympathy was with any country it was with France, jawaharlal nehru essay, whose culture he greatly admired. Nehru emerged from the war years as a leader whose political views were considered radical. Although the political discourse had been dominated at this time by Gopal Krishna Gokhale[21] a moderate who said that it was "madness to think of independence", [19] Nehru had spoken "openly of the politics of non-cooperation, jawaharlal nehru essay the need of resigning from honorary positions under the government and of not continuing the futile politics of representation".

He noted that someone had once defined the Indian Civil Service, "with which we are unfortunately still afflicted in this country, as neither Indian, nor civil, nor a service". Nehru, jawaharlal nehru essay, however, was not satisfied with the pace of the national movement.

He became involved with aggressive nationalists leaders who were demanding Home Rule for Indians. The influence of the moderates on Congress politics began to wane after Gokhale died in But, inthe proposal was rejected because of the reluctance of the moderates to commit to such a radical course of action. Besant nevertheless formed a league for advocating Home Rule in ; and Tilak, on his release from a prison term, had in April formed his own league.

The pact had been initiated earlier in the year at Allahabad at a meeting of the All India Congress Committee which was held at the Nehru residence at Anand Bhawan. Nehru welcomed and encouraged the rapprochement between the two Indian communities. Several nationalist leaders banded together in under the leadership of Annie Besant to voice a demand for self-governanceand jawaharlal nehru essay obtain the status of a Dominion within the British Empire as enjoyed by Australia, jawaharlal nehru essay, Canada, South Africa, New Zealand and Newfoundland at the time.

Nehru joined the movement and rose to become secretary of Besant's Home Rule League. The Congress and various other Indian organisations threatened to launch protests if she were not set free. The British government was subsequently forced to release Besant and make significant concessions after a period of intense protest.

The first big national involvement of Nehru came at the onset of the Non-Cooperation movement in He led the movement in the United Provinces now Uttar Pradesh. Nehru was arrested on charges of anti-governmental activities inand was released a few months later.

Nehru played a leading role in the development of the internationalist outlook of the Indian independence struggle. He sought foreign allies for India and forged links with movements for independence and democracy all over the world. Inhis efforts paid off and the Congress was invited to attend the congress of oppressed nationalities in Brussels in Belgium. The meeting was called to co-ordinate and plan a common struggle against imperialism.

Nehru represented India and was elected to the Executive Council of the League against Imperialism that was born at this meeting. Increasingly, Nehru saw the struggle for independence from British imperialism as a multi-national effort by the various colonies and dominions of the Empire; some of his statements on this matter, however, were interpreted as complicity with the rise of Hitler and his espoused intentions.

In the face of these allegations, Nehru responded, "We have jawaharlal nehru essay for the national movement of Arabs in Palestine because it is directed against British Imperialism. Our sympathies cannot be weakened by the fact that the national movement coincides with Hitler's interests. During the mids, Nehru was much concerned with developments in Europe, which seemed to jawaharlal nehru essay drifting toward another world war.

He was in Europe in earlyvisiting his ailing wife, shortly before she died in a sanitarium in Switzerland. Nehru worked closely with Subhas Chandra Bose in developing good relations with governments of free countries all over the world. However, the two split in jawaharlal nehru essay late s, when Bose agreed to seek the help of fascists in driving the British out of India.

Krishna Menon visited Spain and declared support for the Republicans. He refused to meet Benito Mussolinithe dictator of Italy when the latter expressed his desire to meet him. Nehru was one of the first nationalist leaders to realise the sufferings of the people in the states ruled by Indian princes. He helped to make the struggle of the people in the princely states a part of the nationalist movement for independence, jawaharlal nehru essay.

Nehru who had been supporting the cause of the people of the princely states for many years was made the President of the organization in The body would play an important role during the political integration of India, helping Indian leaders Vallabhbhai Patel and V. Menon to whom Nehru had delegated the task of integrating the princely states into India negotiate with hundreds of princes.

In JulyNehru pointedly observed that no princely state could prevail militarily against the army of independent India. Menon were more conciliatory towards the princes, and as the men charged with integrating the states, were successful in the task.

Nehru's daughter, jawaharlal nehru essay, Indira Gandhias prime minister, de-recognised all the rulers by a presidential order ina decision struck down by the Supreme Court of India.

Eventually, her government by the 26th amendment to the constitution was successful in derecognizing these former rulers and ending the privy purse paid to them in Nehru was jawaharlal nehru essay of the first leaders to demand that the Congress Party should resolve to make a complete and explicit break from all ties with the British Empire.

His resolution for independence was approved at the Madras session of Congress in despite Gandhi's criticism. At that time he also formed Independence for India league, a pressure group within the Congress. InGandhi agreed to Nehru's demands and proposed a resolution that called for the British to grant dominion status to India within two years.

Nehru was one of the leaders who objected to the time given to the British — he pressed Gandhi to demand immediate actions from the British. Gandhi brokered a further compromise by reducing the time given from two years to one, jawaharlal nehru essay. Demands for dominion status were rejected by the British in We believe that it is the inalienable right of the Indian people, as of any other people, to have freedom and to enjoy the fruits of their toil and have the necessities of life, so that they may have full opportunities of growth.

We believe also that if any government deprives a people of these rights and oppresses them the people have a further right to alter it or abolish it. The British government in India has not only deprived the Indian people of their freedom but has based itself on the exploitation of the masses, and has ruined India economically, politically, culturally and spiritually.


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jawaharlal nehru essay


Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru (/ ˈ n eɪ r uː, ˈ n ɛ r uː /; Hindi: [ˈdʒəʋaːɦərˈlaːl ˈneːɦru] (); 14 November – 27 May ) was an Indian independence activist, and subsequently, the first Prime Minister of India and a central figure in Indian politics before and after independence. He emerged as an eminent leader of the Indian independence movement under the tutelage of Children: Indira Gandhi. Jun 20,  · Jawaharlal Nehru – Essay 2. Jawaharlal Nehru is famous since he was the first prime minister of independent ipvcitysa.cf was a very influential leader and participated in the country’s struggle for independence from Britain. Mar 09,  · 5,10, 15 Lines on, Sentences on Jawaharlal Nehru in English and Hindi for students of class 4,5,6. 20 to 30 Sentences Short Speech or Essay on Jawaharlal Nehru for students of class 7,8,9,10 etc. पंडित जवाहरलाल नेहरू पर शॉर्ट भाषण, निबंध हिंदी में/5(98).